The Cell Press–TNQ India Distinguished Lectureship Series 2015

Featured Speaker: Eric Lander

"The Human Genome and Beyond: A 35-year journey of genomic medicine"
  • New Delhi: February 23, 2015 at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences.
  • Chennai: February 25, 2015 at Mutha Venkata Subba Rao Concert Hall.
  • Bengaluru: February 27, 2015 at JN Tata Auditorium, IISc.

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Eric Lander - A mathematician turned biologist turned geneticist

Dr. Eric Lander is the President and Founding Director of the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, a new kind of biomedical research institution focused on genomic medicine. In 2003, Dr. Lander founded the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, a unique research institution focused on genomic medicine that spans Harvard University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Harvard-affiliated hospitals. The Broad Institute has become a model for a new kind of collaborative biomedical research community, enabling creative scientists to tackle important challenges that span medicine, biology, chemistry, mathematics, computer science and engineering.

Dr. Lander is also Professor of Biology at MIT and Professor of Systems Biology at the Harvard Medical School. Dr. Lander additionally serves as Co-Chair of the US President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

Born in Brooklyn, NY in 1957, Dr. Lander attended Stuyvesant High School in Manhattan. He earned a B.A. in mathematics from Princeton University in 1978 and a Ph.D. in mathematics from Oxford University in 1981, which he attended as a Rhodes Scholar. He was an assistant and associate professor of managerial economics at the Harvard Business School from 1981-1990. He served as a Whitehead Fellow from 1986- 1989. In 1990, Dr. Lander became Professor of Biology at MIT and Member of the Whitehead Institute. He founded the Whitehead/MIT Center for Human Genome Research, which was both a flagship of and leading contributor to the HGP, and which also became a cornerstone of the new Broad Institute.

Eric Steven Lander, a recipient of the inaugural Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for 2013, was trained as a mathematician. As a mathematician, Lander studied combinatorics and applications of representation theory to coding theory. However, in his own words, he increasingly began to realize that “the career of mathematics is rather monastic,” and “even though mathematics was beautiful and I loved it, I wasn’t a very good monk.” A chance introduction to mathematical biology led him to fit classes in biology around his lectures and to spend his evenings learning how to clone fruit fly genes.

In the early 1980s, he began to study biology and genetics and in 1990 he launched one of the first genome centres in the world at MIT. He was one of the principal leaders of the Human Genome Project, which from 1990-2003 mapped the human genetic code, and directed the largest centre of this international project. Professor Lander has focused on realizing the promise of the human genome for medicine and has been a pioneer in applying genomics to the understanding of human disease.

Lander collaborated to create the first genetic map of the whole human genome, providing signposts that geneticists could use to map disease genes to specific chromosomal locations. In 1990, he received one of the initial grants under the NIH's Human Genome Project and founded the Whitehead/MIT Center for Genome Research. The Center developed powerful laboratory and analytical tools for genomics and applied them to produce a dense genetic map of the mouse genome and then dense physical maps of the human and mouse genome; these maps would be essential precursors to sequencing.

With NIH funding to develop large-scale sequencing, Lander's genome lab soon became one of the largest genome centres in the world. Together with the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute in England and the Washington University in St Louis, it led the task of sequencing and assembling the complete human genome in draft form by June 2000 and in finished form in April 2003. In addition, Lander personally led the analysis group who analyzed the contents of the human genome for publication in 2001.

In June 2003, MIT and Harvard announced that the Center for Genome Research would become the basis for a new research institute, the Broad Institute. Named for its founding donors Eli and Edythe Broad, the Institute links MIT, Harvard University and five Harvard-affiliated hospitals. Lander serves as the Broad’s President and Founding Director. The Broad Institute, as said earlier, is a new kind of collaborative research institution that brings together more than 2300 scientists to tackle important challenges in biomedicine.

Dr. Lander played a central role in setting standards for DNA fingerprinting in the late 1980s and early 1990s, leading to the rigorous standards used today that have made the technology a powerful tool for identifying criminals and exonerating innocent people. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Innocence Project.

Over the past 15 years, Lander has pioneered general principles for identifying human disease genes, and enabled their application to medicine through the creation and analysis of genetic, physical and sequence maps of the human genome. He has made landmark contributions to discovering the secrets encoded in the human genome – including a much larger-than-expected role of regulatory controls, the presence of thousands of functional non-coding RNAs, a central role of transposons in evolutionary innovation, and the presence of hundreds of regions that have been under strong positive selection in recent human history.

He played a central role in conceiving and launching a project to create a comprehensive map of cancer genomes. His group has been a leading contributor to these efforts, through work on dozens of cancers. His ideas gave rise to international projects to create comprehensive catalogs of human genetic variation (in which his group played a central role) and to hundreds of collaborative efforts around the world to understand the genetic basis of common human diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, inflammatory diseases and psychiatric disorders. Lander has also been a founding advisor of several biotechnology companies, including Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Infinity Pharmaceuticals and Foundation Medicine.

In 2008, Dr. Lander was appointed by President Obama to co-chair the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). PCAST is a council of 21 of the nation’s leading scientists and engineers, which advises the White House on matters including health, advanced manufacturing, energy policy, information technology, drug innovation, spectrum and communications policy, nanotechnology and national security. He also serves as a member of President Obama’s Council on Jobs and Competitiveness.

Dr. Lander is an avid teacher. He has taught MIT’s Introductory Biology course for more than 20 years, and is particularly proud to have been awarded MIT’s Baker Prize for Undergraduate Teaching. He has also been active in communicating science to the broader public. He gave a Millennium Lecture at the White House in December 1999 and lectures to the Dalai Lama in Dharamsala, India.

Dr. Lander was an early pioneer in the free availability of genomic tools and information. Finally, he has mentored an extraordinary cadre of young scientists who have become the next generation of leaders in medical genomics.

Lander is concurrently Professor of Biology at MIT and Professor of Systems Biology at the Harvard Medical School.

Selected Honours and Awards

  • 1987MacArthur Foundation Fellowship
  • 1992Baker Memorial Award for Undergraduate Teaching at MIT
  • 1995Rhoades Memorial Award from the American Association for Cancer Research
  • 1998Chiron Prize for Biotechnology from the American Society for Microbiology
  • 1998Woodrow Wilson Prize for Public Service from Princeton University
  • 2001New York Academy of Medicine Medal
  • 2001Max Delbrück Medal
  • 2002Gairdner Foundation International Award
  • 2004AAAS Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology
  • 2010Albany Medical Center Prize
  • 2012The Harvey Prize for Human Health
  • 2012Dan David Prize
  • 2013Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences
  • Member of the US National Academy of Sciences
  • Member of the US Institute of Medicine
  • Co-chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology.

The Cell Press-TNQ India Distinguished Lectureship Series

The Cell Press-TNQ India Distinguished Lectureship Series is co-sponsored by Cell Press and TNQ Books and Journals. Planned as an annual event the lectures are aimed at bringing internationally renowned scientists face to face with the Indian scientific community. They are held in Bengaluru, Chennai, and New Delhi each year.

The inaugural speaker of the lecture series was David Baltimore, the American biologist who is currently the Robert A. Millikan Professor of Biology at Caltech. In 1975, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Howard Temin and Renato Dulbecco.

The second speaker was Elizabeth Blackburn, the Australia-born, American biological researcher at the University of California, San Francisco. She was awarded the Nobel Prize in 2009, sharing it with Carol W. Greider and Jack W. Szostak.

The third speaker was Shinya Yamanaka, the Japanese physician and celebrated adult stem cell researcher. In 2012 he and John Gurdon were awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for the discovery that mature cells can be converted to stem cells. In 2013 he was awarded the $3 million Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences for his work.

The fourth speaker was Professor Huda Zoghbi whose seminal research on the genetic and molecular mechanisms of neurological diseases and the implication of these findings on the development of treatments for disorders were presented in open lectures in January 2014. Huda Zoghbi is a physician-scientist in the field of neurogenetics and the recipient of the 2013 Pearl Meister Greengard Prize, the 2013 Dickson Prize in Medicine, and the 2011 Gruber Prize in Neuroscience.

For the fifth edition of the “Cell Press-TNQ India Distinguished Lectureship Series,” TNQ Books and Journals were proud to host Professor Eric Lander as the featured speaker for 2015. These lectures took place in Delhi, Chennai, and Bengaluru in February 2015.

The sixth speaker was Professor Karl Deisseroth, Stanford University neuroscientist and psychiatrist, who developed methods that have revolutionised our ability to visualise and manipulate brain circuits.

The seventh speaker was Professor Mary-Claire King, an American human geneticist and professor at the University of Washington. She is known for her accomplishments in identifying breast cancer genes, demonstrating that humans and chimpanzees are 99% genetically identical, and applying genomic sequencing to identify victims of human rights abuses.

The eighth speaker will be Dr David J. Anderson - Seymour Benzer Professor of Biology, Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Leadership Chair, and Director of the Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Institute for Neuroscience at the California Institute of Technology - Caltech in Pasadena. He is also an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.